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Wydawnictwo: Pneuma
Nr katalogowy: PN 1400
Nośnik: 1 CD
Data wydania: grudzień 2012
EAN: 8428353514005
w magazynie
Nasze kategorie wyszukiwania

Epoka muzyczna: średniowiecze, renesans
Obszar (język): hiszpański

Musics From The Alcazar - 12th to 17th Centuries

Pneuma - PN 1400
Alcazar is a Spanish term of Arabic origin (al qasr), which in turn comes from Latin (castrum), and is used to refer to a castle or fortified palace. The Alcazars in Al-Andalus, Muslim royal residences where music and poetry flourished in a spectacular way, were later rebuilt by the Christian kings for the same purposes. Every old city has its Alcazar and the ones at Segovia, Toledo, Madrid, etc. are famous for having been rebuilt. But without wishing to underrate the citadels in Almería, Málaga, Jaén and Granada, the Alcazars that inspired this selection of historical Spanish music are especially emblematic: the Royal Alcazar of Seville, a World Heritage Site, built at the beginning of the Arab invasion in about 720 and extended by Pedro I the Cruel in the 14th century, and the Alcazar of the Christian Monarchs in Córdoba, rebuilt by Alfonso XI in 1328.

The Alcazar of Córdoba, a fortress and solidwalled palace, encloses much of the history and life of the architectural evolution of Córdoba. This majestic site was favoured by the different governors of the city and Roman and Visigothic remains live side by side together with those of Arab origin. Abd al-Rahman I (756) rebuilt it and extended the Roman-Visigoth Alcazar making it the centre of the Emirate, together with the Mosque, today the cathedral, and the royal cemetery in the Rawda gardens. When Cordoba was conquered by Fernando III el Santo (St. Ferdinand III of Castile) in 1236 the old palace of the Caliphs was totally ruined. Towards 1252 Alfonso X el Sabio (the Wise) began to restore it, and work was completed during his grandson Alfonso XI’s reign. The Alcazar was put to many uses throughout history. The Catholic Monarchs used it to organize the conquest of the Kingdom of Granada, and it was later the headquarters of the Inquisition and a prison.

According to the historian al-Maqqari, the following story was told by Ibn Baskuwal (d.1183): One day, when the king was going hunting, he reached a place that was then a desert (jarab’) covered with impenetrable undergrowth. The king released his favourite falcon to chase a partridge and it flew over the field later known as Abu Ubaydat rock, and then dropped into the bushes. The king ordered the undergrowth to be cut back and in doing so uncovered the top of a magnificent building with an amazing structure, built with great blocks of stone joined together with molten lead. The king ordered the whole area to be dug out. The foundations were submerged in water resting on a bed of stone. When the king saw this he said, “There is no doubt that this is the work of a famous monarch and I must rebuild it”. Once restored to its original state he used it as his royal residence. His subjects moved to the vicinity and that is how the city of Cordoba was built, the Alcazar remained at its centre, and was home to the kings who succeeded him.

Zobacz także:

  • PN 1570